C - Definitions

  • C

    cache thrash

    Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.

  • Capability Maturity Model (CMM)

    The Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a methodology used to develop and refine an organization's software development process.

  • CGI scanner

    A CGI (common gateway interface) scanner is a program that searches for known vulnerabilities in Web servers and application programs by testing HTTP requests against known CGI strings... (Continued)

  • code review

    Code review is a phase in the computer program development process in which the authors of code, peer reviewers, and perhaps quality assurance reviewers get together to review code, line by line... (Continued)

  • collaboration diagram

    A collaboration diagram, also called a communication diagram or interaction diagram, is an illustration of the relationships and interactions among software objects in the Unified Modeling Language (UML). The concept is more than a decade old although it has been refined as modeling paradigms have evolved... (Continued)

  • command injection

    Command injection is the insertion of HTML code into dynamically generated output by a malevolent hacker (also known as a cracker) seeking unauthorized access to data or network resources...

  • conformance testing

    Conformance testing, also known as compliance testing, is a methodology used in engineering to ensure that a product, process, computer program or system meets a defined set of standards. These standards are commonly defined by large, independent entities such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) or the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)... (Continued)

  • content spoofing

    Content spoofing is a type of exploit used by a malicious hackers to present a faked or modified Web site to the user as if it were legitimate.

  • context-driven testing

    Context-driven testing is a paradigm for developing and debugging computer software that takes into account the ways in which the programs will be used or are expected to be used in the real world... (Continued)

  • continuous integration (CI)

    Continuous integration (CI) is a software engineering practice in which isolated changes are immediately tested and reported on when they are added to a larger code base. The goal of CI is to provide rapid feedback so that if a defect is introduced into the code base, it can be identified and corrected as soon as possible.

  • continuous software development

    Continuous software development is a blanket term that covers several aspects of an iterative application development process based on making each change when it is ready, rather than wrapping many changes into large batches.

  • cookie

    A cookie is information that a Web site puts on your hard disk so that it can remember something about you at a later time.

  • countermeasure

    A countermeasure is an action, process, device, or system that can prevent, or mitigate the effects of, threats to a computer, server or network.

  • cowboy coding

    Cowboy coding describes an undisciplined approach to software development. The cowboy approach to coding typically focuses on quick fixes and getting a working product into production as soon as possible.

  • cross-site request forgery (XSRF or CSRF)

    Cross-site request forgery (XSRF or CSRF) is a method of attacking a Web site in which an intruder masquerades as a legitimate and trusted user... (Continued)

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