Functional Software Testing Definitions

  • C

    context-driven testing

    Context-driven testing is a paradigm for developing and debugging computer software that takes into account the ways in which the programs will be used or are expected to be used in the real world... (Continued)

  • continuous integration (CI)

    Continuous integration (CI) is a software engineering practice in which isolated changes are immediately tested and reported on when they are added to a larger code base. The goal of CI is to provide rapid feedback so that if a defect is introduced into the code base, it can be identified and corrected as soon as possible.

  • F

    functional programming

    Functional programming is a style of programming that emphasizes the evaluation of expressions rather than the execution of commands.

  • I

    integration testing or integration and testing (I&T)

    Integration testing, also known as integration and testing (I&T), is a software development process which program units are combined and tested as groups in multiple ways. In this context, a unit is defined as the smallest testable part of an application. Integration testing can expose problems with the interfaces among program components before trouble occurs in real-world program execution. Integration testing is a component of Extreme Programming (XP)... (Continued)

  • M

    mock object

    A mock object is a simulated object that mimics the behavior of a real object in controlled ways. Mock objects are often employed in unit testing to scrutinize the performance of actual objects. In this context, an object is a smallest testable part of an application... (Continued)

  • S

    shotgun debugging

    Shotgun debugging is the debugging of a program, hardware, or system problem using the approach of trying several possible solutions at the same time in the hope that one of them will work.

  • U

    unit testing

    Unit testing is a software development process in which the smallest testable parts of an application, called units, are individually and independently scrutinized for proper operation. Unit testing is often automated but it can also be done manually.

  • V

    V-Model (Vee-Model)

    The V-Model, also called the Vee-Model, is a product-development process originally developed in Germany for government defense projects... (Continued)

  • W

    Wirth's Law

    Wirth's Law states that computer software increases in complexity faster than does the ability of available hardware to run it... (Continued)