Software Quality Definitions

  • B

    best practice

    A best practice is a technique or methodology that, through experience and research, has been proven to reliably lead to a desired result.

  • BizDevOps (Business, Development and Operations)

    BizDevOps, also known as DevOps 2.0, is an approach to software development that encourages developers, operations staff and business teams to work together so the organization can develop software more quickly, be more responsive to user demand and ultimately maximize revenue.

  • black box (black box testing)

    A black box is any device whose workings are not understood by or accessible to its user. According to Edward Tenner, writing in The Washington Post, the first black box was a gun sight carried on World War II Flying Fortresses, with hidden components that corrected for environmental variables, such as wind speed... (Continued)

  • bug

    In computer technology, a bug is a coding error in a computer program.

  • build

    In a programming context, a build is a version of a program.

  • build server

    A build server is a machine on which a software project can be continuously built from changes that are committed to the repository.

  • build tool

    A build tool is a programming utility that automates a software build task, such as ensuring that the proper source code files are compiled and that the proper object files are linked, after changes have been made to a program.

  • burn down chart

    A burn down chart is a visual representation of the amount of work that still needs to be completed before the end of a project.

  • C

    cache thrash

    Cache thrash is caused by an ongoing computer activity that fails to progress due to excessive use of resources or conflicts in the caching system.

  • Capability Maturity Model (CMM)

    The Capability Maturity Model (CMM) is a methodology used to develop and refine an organization's software development process.

  • CGI scanner

    A CGI (common gateway interface) scanner is a program that searches for known vulnerabilities in Web servers and application programs by testing HTTP requests against known CGI strings... (Continued)

  • code review

    Code review is a phase in the computer program development process in which the authors of code, peer reviewers, and perhaps quality assurance reviewers get together to review code, line by line... (Continued)

  • collaboration diagram

    A collaboration diagram, also called a communication diagram or interaction diagram, is an illustration of the relationships and interactions among software objects in the Unified Modeling Language (UML). The concept is more than a decade old although it has been refined as modeling paradigms have evolved... (Continued)

  • command injection

    Command injection is the insertion of HTML code into dynamically generated output by a malevolent hacker (also known as a cracker) seeking unauthorized access to data or network resources...

  • conformance testing

    Conformance testing, also known as compliance testing, is a methodology used in engineering to ensure that a product, process, computer program or system meets a defined set of standards. These standards are commonly defined by large, independent entities such as the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) or the European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI)... (Continued)

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