I don't understand integration testing. Is it black box or white box?
Ironically, I think it was another question that had the term "integration testing" in it that lead me to write about how testing labels such as integration testing, unit testing, system testing, and acceptance testing often get in the way of talking about testing. They mean different things to different people.
Integration testing can be either black box or white box testing. Black box testing is testing where the person designing the test has no (or very little) internal knowledge of the system they are testing. White box testing, also known as glass box or clear box testing, is testing that takes place where the tester has working knowledge of the code, technology, and architecture. The distinction between the two is one of tester knowledge.
Integration testing is about two parts of the system coming together and testing to ensure there are no "disagreements" between those two parts. The focus in integration testing is more about an idea of risk (the risk of disagreement between systems) than it is about tester knowledge. I can run an integration test as a white box test (testing how two Web services integrate by looking at their message model and how they persist data once they get it) or a black box test (testing how a new version of Adobe Acrobat integrates with the new version of FireFox -– both of which I have no idea how they work).
Dig Deeper on Unit, Integration and Functional Software Testing
Related Q&A from Mike Kelly
There are multiple ways performance testing can be handled on an Agile team. An expert describes the benefits of various approaches. Continue Reading
Every software tool is individually designed to meet various needs and requirements of projects, teams and project managers. Learn what tools experts... Continue Reading
Creating user acceptance tests out of basic software requirements documents can be a daunting task. Expert Mike Kelly points out logical approaches ... Continue Reading
Have a question for an expert?
Please add a title for your question
Get answers from a TechTarget expert on whatever's puzzling you.