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Standard testing vs. context testing

What is the difference between standard testing and context testing in terms of the schools of software testing?

I have to write a white paper and give a presentation in software testing. I was specifically asked to talk about standard testing vs. context testing. I was looking over the Internet for some information and a comparison between these two topics does not seem to exist. Is there any difference between these two themes?
Absolutely there is a difference between the two approaches. What you're referring to is what has become known as the schools of software testing. If you google "schools of software testing," you'll find numerous references to information. A few references are highlighted below.

I think it can be helpful to know the history of the topic as well. Cem Kaner, James Bach and Bret Pettichord devised the concept of using "schools" to discuss different approaches to software testing. Originally there were four schools: analytic, standard, context and quality. A few years after the concept of schools was introduced, Bret updated the schools to include a fifth school known as agile.


In recent months, the schools of software testing has been a heated topic in the blogosphere community. Opinions vary on the topic and the discussion has raised arguments over the years. You might consider googling to see what opinions have been posted. See Cem Kaner's blog (above) to gain insights into some of discussions. If I was writing a white paper on the topic, I would include the fact that so much discussion and at times arguing has taken place over the concept of the schools no matter where you find, or whether you find, your own approaches aligning with the schools.

Recently, Scott Barber and I recorded a webcast discussing the schools of software testing. (I'm not sure how long the webcast will be active.) The webcast compares and contrasts the schools as well as discusses the background and arguments around the topic.

Best of luck on your research and writing -- there's plenty of material to delve into.

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